The Missing Internal Devaluation: Regional Adjustment in the US Great Recession
SpeakersGiancarlo Corsetti (University of Cambridge, United Kingdom)
Date and time
November 18, 2020
15:30 - 16:30
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Adjustment in relative prices and wages in response to asymmetric shocks---”internal devaluation”---is a key rebalancing mechanism to ensure employment and macroeconomic stability across regions sharing the same currency. We carry out a systematic analysis of the price, wage and employment adjustment across US Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in response to the house price cycle during the Great Recession. Relative to the literature, we study heterogeneity in the real exchange rate adjustment by sector, distinguishing goods, services, distribution and construction, at the disaggregated MSA level. For each sector, we analyze how relative prices adjust to relative wages (cost) and employment (slack) dynamics across MSAs. We document that, while relative prices responds negatively to sectoral unemployment, they adjust in opposite directions across goods and services in response to negative asymmetric shocks to house prices. We find evidence of decreasing competitiveness and relative increase in markups in services that may help explain this pattern. Overall, real exchange rates do not depreciate in the worst-hit MSAs, despite the large differential response in local employment.
Authors: Giancarlo Corsetti (Cambridge U. & CEPR), Luca Dedola (ECB & CEPR), Riccardo Trezzi (Federal Reserve Board).